Lupus is a disease that affects 1.5 million Americans, according to data published by the Lupus Foundation of America. Lupus causes your immune system attacks your own system and can be both lifelong and mild disability and affect all genders and ages.
Causes of lupus
There is still a lot of unknown about the disease but doctors agree that lupus is brought by the environment and genetics. It is still unclear what causes lupus, but these factors are the main known triggers:
- Sun exposure;
- Certain medications (for example, blood pressure medicines and antiseizure medicines).
Doctors also say that lupus caused by medications often disappears when a patient stops taking them.
Types of lupus
Scientists identify four types of lupus and the most common types (that is referred as lupus) is SLE or systemic lupus erythematosus. Other types include discoid, neonatal, and drug-induced lupus.
Discoid lupus is limited to the skin and looks like a rash that appears on the neck, face or scalp. This type of lupus doesn’t affect other organs. Some patients progress into the systemic form of this disease but doctors still can’t do anything about it.
Unlike Discoid Lupus, SLE is more dangerous and affects internal organs. Some people suffer inflammation and other skin problems, while others have their heart, blood, and kidneys affected. Patients with SLE have periods where the disease is active and when it’s dormant.
Drug-Induced Lupus has same symptoms as SLE but it is caused by certain drugs. At the moment, there are over 400 drugs that can cause this type of lupus. Drug-Induced Lupus is the least dangerous one because it subsides after the patient stops taking the medication.
This type of lupus is rare and it appears when a woman passes autoantibodies to a fetus. Her child will have skin rashes and other conditions that affect blood and heart. Neonatal lupus fades within the first six months of a child’s life.
If you or someone you know experiences symptoms of lupus, you should immediately consult with a doctor. This is the only way to find the right treatment and help you with your condition.